Numerical Methods  

Numerical solution of equationsLet us consider a realvalued function $F(x)$. We seek the real values of $x$ for which: \begin{equation}\label{gl1} F(x)=0. \end{equation}The values of $x$ that obey this relation are called solutions, zeroes, or roots of (\ref{gl1}). In literature, one can find many specialized methods such as the method of Lobatschewski and Graeffe [Poloshi,1963] to determine numerically the zeroes of algebraic equations (polynomials) equations of the type: \[ F(x)\equiv P_{m}(x)=\sum_{j=1}^{m} \alpha_{j} x^{j1} = 0. \]These specialized methods will not be treated in this lecture. Here we will consider general methods that solve any function of the form $F(x)=0$ including transcendental equations. In this lecture we will discuss the following:
Graphical solutionsAn equation of the form $F(x)=0$ can be solved graphically simply by plotting it. The solutions are the points where the plot intersects the horizontal $y=0$ axis. By zooming in to the intersection, the solutions can be determined with reasonable accuracy.
